The Helicobacter Pylori Infection

in Stomach

Most of the duodenal and stomach ulcers usually result out of helicobacter pylori infections. In some cases this bacteria also cause non-ulcer dyspepsia. Though individuals affected with h. pylori are mostly asymptomatic, the visible symptoms of the infection are inflammation in the stomach, upper or lower abdominal pain, stomach ache, regurgitation, acid reflux, nausea, flatulence, and belching. Such symptoms need immediate medical attention or it can lead to serious ailments.

The h. pylori infection can be identified from antigen tests done on samples of stool, blood antibody tests, and carbon-urea breath tests. But the most reliable process of detecting the infection is the biopsy test during endoscopy with the microbial culture and histological examination. Generally this infection can be treated with a one-week course of an antacid drug and two antibiotics. This procedure normally prevents the recurrence of the stomach or duodenal ulcers that results out of the h. pylori infection.

Peptic ulcer

H. pylori infect the linings of duodenum and stomach. It is a common infection and if it goes untreated it can create more complex health situations in the course of time. It can cause ulcers in the duodenum and stomach. An ulcer is created when the stomach and duodenal lining gets damaged by the gastric acid secretion and the tissues get directly exposed to the acids. This bacterium colonizes the mucous membranes in the gastrointestinal area and disrupts the acid production in the stomach. It stimulates aid secretion and the increased amount of acid contributes in the wearing away of the mucosa and thus aids in ulcer formation.

The signs of peptic ulcer are:

  • Severe abdominal pain around mealtimes
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Abdominal fullness along with bloating
  • Nausea followed by copious vomiting
  • Lack of appetite leading to drastic weight loss
  • Bleeding from the gastric ulcer and vomiting
  • Tarry, black feces owing to iron oxidation of hemoglobin
  • In severe cases, it can lead to duodenal or gastric perforation

Non-ulcer dyspepsia

This condition arises out of recurrent sessions of indigestion though not from inflammation and ulcers. Often this situation is termed as functional dyspepsia. H. pylori sometimes can be found in non-ulcer dyspepsia.

Stomach cancer

Long term h. pylori can develop into stomach cancer. Though it is frequently asymptomatic, stomach cancer can have these indications:

  • Indigestion
  • Abdominal irritation
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Nausea and frequent vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting blood, bloody, tarry stool and anemia

These symptoms demand immediate medical attention. Early treatment can prevent any severe disease. Proper medication and lifestyle modification can heal the problems and ensure freedom from the helicobacter pylori infections.

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Jenny Lauper has 390 articles online

Article by Jenny at INTER-DEV SEO Company

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The Helicobacter Pylori Infection

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This article was published on 2011/03/25